Here in the Atlanta area, summertime means phrases like: “triple digit heat index”, “feels like 107 degrees”, and “it will still be in the 80s after 8 p.m.”. This sweltering time of year means you should practice heat safety, be aware of heat related illnesses, and make sure your home’s AC is in top working condition.
Diet, Hydration, and Exercise
Taking a few precautions with your diet, hydration, and exercise routine can help you stay cool as the temperatures soar. Eat well-balanced, light meals, and avoid high-protein foods which can contribute to water loss (due to an increased metabolic rate). Drink plenty of water and avoid dehydrating alcoholic or caffeinated drinks. Avoid working out during the hottest part of the day and/or relocate your workout to indoors if possible.
Heat Related Illnesses
Heat related illnesses are preventable, but some can be life threatening. At the first sign of any of these symptoms, immediately move the affected person to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment.
- Heat Cramps: Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms (usually occurring in the legs or abdomen) that are often an early sign that the body is having trouble with the heat. Apply firm pressure and gently massage the cramping area to relieve the spasm and give sips of water or an electrolyte-containing fluid, unless the person complains of nausea.
- Heat Exhaustion: Heat exhaustion is a more severe condition than heat cramps. Signs of heat exhaustion include cool, moist skin; headache; nausea; dizziness; weakness; and exhaustion. Remove or loosen as much clothing as possible and apply cool, wet cloths to the skin. Give 4 ounces of water or an electrolyte-containing fluid every 15 minutes, if the person is conscious. If the person is unconscious, refuses fluids, or vomits, call 911 immediately.
- Heat Stroke: Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body’s systems are overwhelmed by heat and begin to stop functioning. A heat stroke victim may have a combination of: extremely high body temperature; dry or moist, red skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse; rapid, shallow breathing; confusion; vomiting; and seizures. Call 911 immediately and then cool the victim’s body by immersing them up to the neck in cold water, spraying them with cold water, or sponging their entire body with ice water-soaked towels.
Stay Cool at Home
Check your home’s weatherstripping and use drapes, shades, and awnings to control your home’s interior temperature. Double check that your ceiling fans are running counter-clockwise and be sure that your home’s AC system is in top condition. A properly working and insulated AC unit is your best defense against heat related illnesses during these scorching summer months.
Trust Atlanta Air Care
Don’t trust just any company with your comfort and safety. Trust the top rated HVAC company in Atlanta! Call Atlanta Air Care today and let us help you stay cool this summer!